Management of the calving season is critical to optimize the weaned calf crop research indicates that 57 of mortality is seen in the first 24 hr and 75 within 7 days of birth in addition there are significant risk factors for increased calf morbidity at the time of calving that can lead to increased mortality and decreased calf performance. The effects of rearing calves outdoors using calf jackets on performance and immune responses with a view to developing management procedures to improve the health and welfare of calves was investigated in a study at grange the study showed that rearing calves outdoors using calf jackets had no beneficial effect on calf performance. Environmental challenges such as heat stress program deficits in calf growth and health and those impacts are transgenerational introduction there is now little argument about the importance of good calf nutrition and management to ultimate productivity in the milking herd especially in the early weeks before weaningthis knowledge has . Calf health and disease management the newborn 1 to 10 days of age clean hands arms and equipment if assisting the calving remove mucus from the calfs mouth and nose rub the calf vigorously if stimulation is necessary examine the navel and place a tie around the stalk if it is still bleeding or more than 2 in diameter
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